Social tourism in post-Soviet Kazakhstan

The dissolution of the Soviet Union has given rise to a number of newly-independent states which today experience changes in all aspects of their society, including tourism. The Soviet centrally planned management of tourism has now been abolished in the newly-independent states and a market-oriented tourism is in the process of being established. The transition from Soviet tourism to market tourism parallels the many other social, economic, and political changes. This paper reviews transition of social tourism in CIS countries and former countries of Warsaw Pact and presents a case study of social tourism in Modern Kazakhstan. From the 1960s until the1990s social tourism rapidly developed in the Soviet Union, and in member states of the Warsaw Pact such as the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Albania and Yugoslavia. The state played a central role in the provision and administration of social tourism, and infused the concept with strong ideological values. The paper will provide a brief historical sketch of social tourism development in Soviet Union and other countries, and will explore the development of tourism after its collapse. It will also explore which examples of social tourism remain nowadays.

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Keywords: Kazakhstan, Post-communist, Social tourism, Soviet Union
Categories: Tourism and its potential as a social force